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Current Research Projects

 

ESPRIT

Easily diStributed Personal RapId Transit
ESPRIT (2015 - 2018)

Today, transportation both to/from city-centres and within peri-urban areas, is unsatisfactory in terms of congestion, environmental and societal aspects. To answer identified needs, the Easily diStributed Personal RapId Transit (ESPRIT) project aims to develop a purpose-built, light weight L6 category electric vehicle that can be stacked together to gain space. Thanks to pioneering coupling systems, up to 8 ESPRIT vehicles can be nested together in a road train, 7 being towed for an efficient redistribution of fleets and a smartly-balanced and cost efficient transport system. Within the project, 2 user scenarios are foreseen: a one-way carsharing system within city centres and a last-kilometre personal mobility system to existing public transport infrastructures in peri-urban areas. These will be tested through 3 different geographical use cases (Glasgow, Lyon and L’ L’Hospitalet de LLobregat near Barcelona). This innovative transport system concept will be demonstrated to TRL5 though state-of-the-art developments of diverse technological bricks (including vehicle and road train architecture, coupling and guiding systems, kinetic and dynamic behaviour management systems, efficient energy supply and rapid charge battery strategies). To prove the ESPRIT concept, the project will also work on modelling and simulation tools to predict, once ESPRIT vehicles are deployed, the economic, social and environmental benefits as well as key operating strategies. This concept will incite citizens to use public transport and carsharing solutions rather than their private vehicles leading to seamless intermodal transport, decongestion, significant reduction of noise and air pollution. To reach all stakeholders, the ESPRIT project will not only rely on its technical expertise but also on the knowledge and network of its end user community represented by several partners as well as the Advisor Board which includes carsharing organisations, public authorities and transport operators.

Mobile OpportunisTic Traffic Offloading
MOTO (2011 - 2015)

To support the booming demand in mobile 4G data services, the MOTO project proposes to design, dimension,implement, and evaluate a new network architecture in support of dynamic traffic offloading strategies to relievea congested 4G/LTE network. Going far beyond present infrastructure based offloading approaches, MOTOexplores an additional layer of disruptive offloading protocols that make use of direct terminal-to-terminalcommunications.MOTO definitely takes an operator point of view to opportunistic networking by keeping terminal based offloadingunder the control of the operator’s infrastructure. It explores and evaluates distributed offloading controlprotocols, it investigates coordination strategies between mobile and broadband Internet operators, it designsand implements a distributed trust and security policy, it derives formal capacity enhancements estimates andworks toward understanding mobility and contact opportunities.MOTO adopts an experimental methodology, providing enhancements to an open source simulationenvironment, and carrying out practical experimentations on an operator's large scale integrated testbed forarchitecture and protocol validation. The operators’ vision, requirements, and experience are backed by a strongteam of experts in wireless networking technologies both from academia and industry.Thanks to MOTO offloading solutions, the operators will decide how much bandwidth to allocate for supportingcrowds of users sharing data hungry services in a flexible and efficient way, and will be able to handle peaks oftraffic without overprovisioning the infrastructure and without blocking the service to its users.

Dynamics and COevolution in Multi-Level Strategic INteraction GAmeS
CONGAS (2012 - 2015)

Many real world systems possess a rich multi-level structure and exhibit complex dynamics that are the result of a webof interwoven interactions among elements with autonomous decision-making capabilities. CONGAS will develop newmathematical models and tools, rooted in game theory, for the analysis, prediction and control of dynamical processes insuch complex systems.CONGAS will provide a coherent theoretical framework for understanding the emergence of structure and patterns incomplex systems, accounting for interactions spanning various scales in time and space, and acting at different structuraland aggregation levels. This framework will be built around game theoretical concepts, in particular evolutionary andmulti-resolution games, and will include also techniques drawn from graph theory, statistical mechanics, control andoptimization theory. Specific attention will be devoted to systems that are prone to intermittency and catastrophic events dueto the effect of collective dynamics.The theory developed in the project will be validated by considering three use cases, one on the growth of the Internet, oneon business ecosystems and one on viral marketing dynamics in Internet marketplaces.The CONGAS Consortium comprises seven universities and research institution and includes leading scientists in gametheory, evolutionary games, complex systems science, network science and data-driven analysis of socio-technical systems.

Smart Monitoring Integrated System for a Healthy Urban ENVironment in Smart Cities
Smart HealthyENV (2012 - 2015)

SmartHealthyEnv (SHE) è un progetto di ricerca finanziato dalla regione Toscana all’interno del programma POR-CREO FESR 2007-2013 ed è finalizzato alla realizzazione di un sistema innovativo e a basso costo per la raccolta, elaborazione e distribuzione di informazioni geo-referenziate relative a parametri di inquinamento ambientale e di qualità della vita in ambienti urbani. Il sistema coinvolge molteplici tipologie di utenti (cittadini, enti locali, servizi sanitari, ricercatori in ambito sanitario ed ambientale) e si inserisce totalmente nelle prospettive regionali e nazionali di sviluppo di “Smart Cities”, in cui gli utenti possono partecipare attivamente al miglioramento della qualità della vita nel proprio ambiente, sia fruendo di informazioni puntuali e dettagliate sulle condizioni ambientali, sia generando loro stessi contenuti utili alla valutazione ed al confronto delle condizioni di vita e di vivibilità della città. Le attività di ricerca svolte all’interno del progetto in ambito ICT riguardano la realizzazione di reti di sensori statiche e mobili per il rilevamento di parametri di inquinamento dell’aria, micrometeorologici e di traffico urbano, oltre alla creazione di servizi ed applicazioni per dispositivi mobili basati sul paradigma del Mobile Social Networking.

WEll-Being@Lucca
WB@Lucca (2014 - 2016)

WB@Lucca è un progetto co-finanziato dalla Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Lucca all’interno del bando Ricerca 2014 e che vede il coinvolgimento di due istituti del CNR di Pisa (IIT e ISTI) e dell’istituto IMT di Lucca per la realizzazione di una piattaforma di servizi personali e personalizzati basati sull’uso di tecnologie ICT innovative e non invasive al fine di migliorare la qualità della vita e le condizioni di benessere (well-being) degli abitanti di Lucca, sia da un punto di vista personale che sociale.

WB@Lucca si rivolge ad una specifica categoria di utenti: persone anziane che tendono ad assumere comportamenti sedentari, spesso con problemi di riabilitazione motoria, disturbi del sonno, non si curano di seguire un’alimentazione corretta e tendono ad isolarsi dal punto di vista sociale. WB@Lucca propone una serie di servizi ed applicazioni per dispositivi mobili, di semplice utilizzo e non invasivi, mirati a migliorare le condizioni di vita di tali soggetti, aumentandone l’autonomia e fornendo un supporto anche per i loro familiari. Naturalmente WB@Lucca fornirà inzialmente un numero limitato di servizi altamente personalizzati in base al profilo della categoria degli utenti coinvolti ed alle loro specifiche necessità. Essa sarà comunque estendibile in futuro con ulteriori servizi ed applicazioni sempre in ambito salute e benessere.